Freekeh (sometimes spelled frikeh) or farik or farīkah) is a cereal food made from green wheat that goes through a roasting process in its production. It is an ancient Arabian dish that is popular in Arabia and North Africa.
The wheat is harvested while the grains are yellow and the seeds are still soft; it is then piled and sun-dried. The piles are then carefully set on fire so only the straw and chaff burn and not the seeds. It is the high moisture content of the seeds that prevents them from burning. The now roasted wheat undergoes further threshing and sun-drying to make the flavor, texture, and color uniform. It is this threshing or rubbing process of the grains that gives this food its name, farīk or “rubbed.” The seeds are now cracked into smaller pieces so they look like a green bulgur.
Freekeh has several nutritional attributes that are comparable to other cereal foods. Freekeh has at least four times as much fiber as some other comparable grains, consisting mostly of insoluble fiber. It also has a low glycemic index so is suitable for managing diabetes.
Adapted from Wikipedia